The drums were rumbling, with vows and fruitful results. 2019年开展的创建全国首批法治政府建设示范市活动，法治让生活更美好，法治让城市更具魅力，法治让首府更具核心竞争力，已成为南宁市民的共同感受。 Looking at the activities of creating the nation's first batch of demonstration cities built by the rule of law in 2019, the rule of law makes life better, the rule of law makes the city more attractive, and the rule of law makes the capital more core competitive. It has become the common feeling of the citizens of Nanning.
In May 2019, the Office of the Central Committee of the State Council for the Comprehensive Implementation of the Rule of Law issued the Opinions on Carrying out the Demonstration and Construction of a Government Ruled by Law. In August, Nanning took the initiative to declare itself as the first batch of nationwide demonstration and construction of a government ruled by law. This kind of self-confidence to be tested by the state comes from Nanning's due role as the capital of Guangxi, on the one hand, and from the accumulation of Nanning City's high-level implementation of the "Outline of the Construction of the Rule of Law (2015-2020)".
Leading top-level design with demonstration standards
"It depends on it, it depends on it; it depends on it, it depends on it." In the implementation of the "Outline of the Implementation of the Construction of the Rule of Law Government," Nanning City has always aimed at the goal of "a model city for the construction of a government under the rule of law", and guided the creation with demonstration standards. Activities are carried out.
High specification push. “法治政府建设示范创建活动”领导小组组长、副组长，亲自组织制定《南宁市开展法治政府建设示范创建活动实施方案》，列为市委市政府年度重点工作，坚持市委统筹安排，市政府主责推动，党政负责人以上率下，凝聚了全市共创“全国法治政府建设示范市”的力量。 The Standing Committee of the Autonomous Region Party Committee, Secretary of the Nanning Municipal Committee Wang Xiaodong, and Mayor Zhou Hongbo respectively served as the group leader and deputy group leader of the "Legal Government Construction Demonstration and Creation Activity" in Nanning, and personally organized and formulated the "Implementation Plan of Nanning Municipality Construction of Demonstration Government Construction Demonstration Activity". Listed as the annual key work of the Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government. Adhere to the overall arrangement of the Municipal Party Committee. The Municipal Government is responsible for the promotion. The leadership of the party and government has led the city to create a "national model government under the rule of law".
Large-scale operation. “法治兴，则首府兴；法治强，则首府强”的理念，将法治政府建设示范创建活动纳入强首府战略总体布局和全面依法治市工作大局，对接“一带一路”和东盟经贸区法律服务，中共南宁市委全面依法治市委员会印发了《南宁市立法工作计划》《南宁市依法治市工作计划》《南宁市普法依法治理工作要点》《南宁市法治政府建设工作要点》，将法治建设质量纳入年度绩效考评体系，确保了法治政府建设与经济社会建设融合发展。 Actively implement the concept of "the rule of law is flourishing, the capital is flourishing; the rule of law is strong, the capital is strong", and incorporate the demonstration and creation activities of the rule of law government into the overall layout of the strategy of a strong capital and the overall work of governing the city in accordance with the law, and docking the "Belt and Road" and the ASEAN economy and trade District legal services, the CPC ’s Nanning Municipal Committee to administer the city in accordance with the law has issued “Nanning City ’s Legislative Work Plan”, “Nanning City ’s Law-Based Work Plan”, “Nanning City ’s Law-Based Governance Work Essentials” and “Nanning City ’s Rule-of-Law Government Construction Work Essentials” The quality of the construction of the rule of law is included in the annual performance evaluation system, which ensures the integrated development of the construction of a government ruled by law and economic and social construction.
Up-grade protection. “法考”关、公务员绩效考评必先通过普法学习考试已形成制度；与中国政法大学法治政府研究院合作建立法治政府协同创新基地，为“创建法治政府建设示范市”匹配人才。 Efforts to improve the administrative capacity of leading cadres in accordance with the law, the Municipal Party Committee Theory Learning Center Group Meeting, the Standing Committee of the Government, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the CPPCC Standing Committee's pre-sessional learning method, and the newly proposed leading cadres must pass the "Law Examination" and the performance evaluation of civil servants A system must be passed to pass the law-based learning examinations; a collaborative innovation base for the rule of law government has been established in cooperation with the Institute of Rule of Government of China University of Political Science and Law to match talents for "creating a model city of rule of law government construction". Adhering to scientific decision-making, democratic decision-making, and legal decision-making before government functions are performed, the introduction of third-party evaluation agencies, so that every time a decision is made, legality review must be performed first, and the use of rule-of-rule measures to address decision-making errors and administrative chaos. Government administration quality according to law. "China's Government of Rule of Law Evaluation Report (2018)" shows that among the 100 participating cities in 2018, Nanning ranked fifth in the country overall, and the single score of "administrative law enforcement" ranked first in the country. In the evaluation of the construction of the rule of law government organized by the autonomous region over the years, Nanning City ranked No. 1 in the region for many years in a row.
Regulating government functions with deepening reforms
"The more the government is ruled by law, the simpler its government affairs and the more intensive its services." Nanning City uses the deepening of the "decentralization of service" reform to standardize government functions and continuously improve the level of administration according to law.
“五类除外”，迸发政府活力。 Decentralization is "except for the five categories", which ignites the vitality of the government. Following the spirit of the rule of law that “the law cannot be authorized, the law can not be prohibited, and the legal duties must be”, Nanning has deepened the reform of simplifying administration and decentralization, and clearly stipulates that except for national security, public security, ecological security, financial security, production Security "five categories" of administrative power must be under the overall control of the municipal level. Decentralization of other matters can be as decentralized as possible, which can be simplified and simplified, and supporting "who is in charge, who supervises, who approves, who is responsible, who serves, who "Responsibility" mechanism, to simplify the administration without reducing responsibilities, decentralization and dereliction of power, has aroused the vitality of government work.
“五环相扣”，聚焦整体利益。 Governance of “five-ring interlocking”, focusing on overall interests. Starting from the five links of legislative regulation: “information disclosure, risk classification, random joint investigation, notification of results, and joint punishment”, we will govern the marketization of sectoral interests, build a comprehensive administrative law enforcement system and a comprehensive administrative supervision system, and build an online administrative law enforcement electronic monitoring system and The "TV asks politics" democratic supervision platform, implements the "three systems" of administrative law enforcement, strengthens pro-clear relations between government and business with law-based administration and fair law enforcement, and allows the government and the market to serve the overall interests of society.
“五办联动”，打造便捷平台。 Serving the "five offices linkage" to create a convenient platform. ， 按照 “马上办、一网办、一窗办、就近办、自动办”思路，运用“互联网+政务+智慧”模式，打造市级政务服务网络平台、市民中心实体平台、市长值班热线平台与县区乡镇一体化政务服务平台相融合的公共服务共同体，实现了办事项目菜单化、办事要件标准化、办事流程简洁化、办事结果优质化，让南宁市民和市场主体明显感到办理民生民企审批业务 更加便捷，公共服务供给量越来越充分，电子证照模式如身份证、驾驶证、社保卡、市民卡已在更广领域应用 。 Adhere to the demand-oriented and problem-oriented approach, and use the "Internet + Government Affairs + Wisdom" model to build a municipal government service network platform and a civic center entity platform in accordance with the thinking of "do it now, one network, one window, nearest office, and automatic office". The public service community that integrates the mayor's on-call hotline platform and the county, township, and township integrated government service service platform has realized the menuization of work items, the standardization of work requirements, the simplification of work procedures, and the quality of work results. I feel that it is more convenient to conduct the business of examining and approving people's livelihood and private enterprises , and the supply of public services is becoming more and more sufficient. Electronic license models such as ID cards, driver's licenses, social security cards, and citizen cards have been applied in a wider range of fields .
Optimizing the business environment through mechanism innovation
"The rule of law is the best environment for doing business." Nanning introduced a new mechanism of "reduction and exemption" through legislation to give play to the role of the government in guaranteeing services to the market.
“五降”蓄元气。 Promote the "five drops" to save energy. 推进 “先照后证、宽入严管”商事制度改革， 积极搭建政银企对接平台，健全政府性融资担保体系，落实税收减免优惠政策，对民营小微企业实施 “增贷降息延还款，减税降费助减负”等“精准滴灌”服务， 进一步为企业松绑、减负和降压，让企业休养生息、固本培元、安心发展。 Issued a list of "reducing system costs, reducing management costs, reducing tax costs, reducing resource costs, reducing time costs" and implementation standards, and promoted the reform of the commercial system of "certifying first, then permitting, and easing access to strict management", and actively building government-bank-enterprise docking Platform, improve the government financing guarantee system, implement preferential tax reduction and exemption policies, and implement "precise drip irrigation" services such as "increasing loans, reducing interest rates, extending repayments, and reducing taxes and fees to help reduce burdens" on private small and micro enterprises to further relax, reduce, and Reduce the pressure to allow enterprises to rest and recuperate, solidify their strengths, and develop with peace of mind.
“五减”提效率。 Implement "five reductions" to improve efficiency. 建起 “一张清单管事权、 一个大厅 管受理、一枚公章管审批、一个平台管信用、一套制度管服务 ”的集约服务模式。 In accordance with the requirements of “reduction of matters, reduction of elements, reduction of links, reduction of licenses, and reduction of time limit”, Nanning City has integrated administrative approval matters related to people ’s livelihood and private enterprises on the comprehensive service platform of Nanning Citizen Center to build a “one list management right” , A hall management acceptance, a public seal management approval, a platform management credit, a set of system management services "intensive service model. 1067项 服务事项， “最多跑一次”的事项达91.97%。 Of the 1067 service items settled in the civic center in 2019, 91.97% were “at most once”. 。 For example, the “commercial-to-commercial” mortgage loan no longer needs to settle the commercial loan. Instead, the Nanning Provident Fund Management Center will transfer the mortgage to the commercial loan bank in order to avoid the problem of repeated errands. National promotion .
“五免”促发展。 Implement the "five exemptions" to promote development. Strictly implement policies such as "legal medical examination" for enterprises, free of legal policy services for newly-enterprise enterprises, free application of legal aid for lawsuits by lawless people in need, free legal education for delinquent groups, and tax exemption for industries that comply with national tax exemption regulations. Development has created a good environment. In 2019, Nanning City alone has a small amount of small profit corporate income tax reduction amount of 600 million yuan. From 2018 to 2019, Nanning has added 21 autonomous regional strategic emerging industrial enterprises; in 2019, the “four upper” enterprises in the China (Guangxi) Pilot Free Trade Zone grew the fastest in Nanning, with a year-on-year increase of 43, reaching 152. Home, raising the priority of the development of capital enterprises.
Promote Municipal Governance with Firm Hardcore
Social security and stability are the core of ensuring high-quality economic and social development. Nanning City will focus on the results of the establishment of a demonstration city with a rule of law government and focus on municipal governance, and actively contribute to the strategy of strengthening the capital.
Eco-livable, beautiful and beautiful. “枫桥经验”，及时化解矛盾纠纷。 Nanning City integrates security projects into ecologically livable projects. Starting from the construction of safe communities, harmonious communities, and beautiful communities, it takes community governance as a unit in various urban districts to improve the public legal service system, implement full coverage of community police and legal counsel, and implement Grid management, carry forward the "Maple Bridge Experience", and resolve conflicts and disputes in a timely manner. · 整洁畅通有序大行动 ”成果为抓手，全面治理社区环境“脏乱差”，深度整治社会环境“假恶丑”，打赢碧水蓝天净土保卫战，先后荣获“联合国人民居奖”，全国“长安杯”奖、全国卫生城、全国文明城，礼让斑马线享誉全国，2019年成功入围全国黑臭水体治理示范城市。 Taking the achievements of deepening and consolidating the "beautiful Nanning · tidy and smooth and orderly operation " as the starting point, comprehensive management of the "dirty and messy" community environment, in-depth treatment of the "false and ugly" social environment, won the battle for the protection of the clear water, blue sky, and pure land, have won The United Nations People's Residence Award ", the National" Chang'an Cup "Award, the National Sanitary City, the National Civilized City, and the Polite Zebra Crossing are well-known throughout the country.
Eradicate evil and promote justice. “扫黑除恶”攻坚战是硬道理。 It is the last word to create a demonstration city built by the rule of law government and win the battle against "crime and evil". ， 按照 “ 党政推动、部门联动、宣传发动、全民参与、全警发力、综合治理、精准打击 ”思路， 采取 “5+2”“白+黑”“地面+空中+网络”模式，重拳打击涉黑涉恶、电信诈骗、传销、抢劫、盗窃、故意伤害、贩卖毒品、危险驾驶等违法犯罪行为，着力整治物流业、快递业、建筑业和碎片用工领域的欠薪问题，持续增强社会民众的获得感、幸福感和安全感。 Nanning strictly implements the overall requirements of the central government's special campaign to combat crime and eliminate evil , and adopts the “5 + 2” and “white ” ideas in accordance with the ideas of “ Party and government promotion, departmental coordination, propaganda, full public participation, full police force, comprehensive governance, and precise crackdown ”. "Black +" Ground + Air + Network "mode, cracking down on black criminals, telecommunications fraud, pyramid schemes, robbery, theft, intentional injuries, drug trafficking, dangerous driving and other illegal criminal acts, focusing on the logistics industry, express delivery industry, The problem of wage arrears in the construction industry and the fragmented labor sector continues to enhance the sense of gain, happiness and security of the people. In 2019, the city's public security situation fell by 6.48% year-on-year, and the public's sense of security rose from 96.48% in the first quarter to 96.87% in the third quarter, a record high.
法，促进善治。 Promote the law by writing and promote good governance. “十百千万”法治文化工程，融合壮乡文化元素，推进 10个法治教育基地、100个法治示范社区（村），1000场法治南宁讲堂，10000次法律六进活动等工作目标落实，构建融媒体法治宣传平台， 制作 360余部法治公益广告 进行广泛传播，组织 20余场法治文艺巡演， 实现了市域法治文化宣传全覆盖，增强了全体市民的法治观念，学法守法用法已成为广大市民的生活自觉。 Build a "billion-dollar" rule of law cultural project, integrate Zhuang's cultural elements, advance 10 rule of law education bases, 100 rule of law demonstration communities (villages), 1,000 rule of law Nanning lecture halls, and implement 10,000 legal six-entry activities. Establish a media-integrated publicity platform for the rule of law, produce more than 360 publicity advertisements for the rule of law for widespread dissemination, organize more than 20 law and order arts and touring tours, achieve full coverage of the city ’s rule of law cultural propaganda, and strengthen the concept of rule of law for all citizens. Life consciousness.
Author unit: Judicial Bureau of Nanning